Love, passion, and a little help from a doctor. Just get in touch with your inner romantic, your inner scientist, and let them combine for the most rewarding experience of your life.
MahdadMedTour specializes in helping couples who wish to start a family with in-vitro fertilization. We provide fertility tours and full IVF services at the top fertility centers in Iran. Contact us now to schedule your consultation.
What is IVF
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of procedures used to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child.
During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs (embryos) are transferred to a uterus. One full cycle of IVF takes about three weeks. Sometimes these steps are split into different parts and the process can take longer.
Why IVF in Iran
Sure, we’ve all heard about medical tourism and the possibility of affordable and effective treatments overseas. But why Iran?
Located in the heart of Middle East, Iran has a unique and distinctly different culture from its neighbors. This country has proven its capability to be one of the top healthcare providers in the Middle East and internationally.
The expertise of Iranian doctors and surgeons, coupled with top-notch facilities, make it the ideal medical hub for tourists to get a highly affordable yet effective treatment.
Fertility clinics in Iran have developed a reputation for being highly specialized and producing the best results. Screening patients and continuously updating techniques are the reasons why Iran’s fertility clinics are truly elite.
Due to the high success rate of fertility treatment, many couples from all over the world especially Arabian countries and Turkey, or all the way from Indonesia choose Iran for fertility treatments.
How much does IVF cost in Iran
The cost of fertility procedures in Iran is much lower than in many other countries.
The cost of IVF Treatment in Iran can range from 2500$ to 4500$, depending on clinic fees, medications, specialist fees, and other per-person factors.
While, Such In-vitro fertilization treatment, for example in the United States, would cost around $x, which does not include medication or additional diagnostic fees.
How do I schedule an appointment with Mahdad Med Tour?
We’d love to help you get the best medical treatment in Iran. If you have any questions about our services, don’t hesitate to contact us.
Please complete the details below and we’ll answer your requests. You can also get in touch with us through social media channels or via Whatsapp
Do you need counseling?
Our experts at Mahdadmedtour are ready to help you.
What are the steps of IVF treatment?
IVF can be broken down into the following steps:
Birth control pills or estrogen
Before you start IVF treatment, your healthcare provider may prescribe birth control pills or estrogen. This is used to stop the development of ovarian cysts and control the timing of your menstrual cycle. It allows your healthcare provider to control your treatment and maximize the number of mature eggs during the egg retrieval procedure. Some people have prescribed combination birth control pills (estrogen and progesterone), while others are given just estrogen.
During each natural cycle in a healthy person of reproductive age, a group of eggs begins to mature each month. Typically, only one egg becomes mature enough to ovulate. The remaining immature eggs in that group disintegrate.
You will take injectable hormone medications during your IVF cycle to encourage the entire group of that cycle’s eggs to mature simultaneously and fully. This means that you may have many eggs instead of just one egg (like in a natural cycle). The type, dosage, and frequency of medications prescribed will be tailored to you as an individual based on your medical history, age, AMH (anti-mullerian hormone) level, and your response to ovarian stimulation during previous IVF cycles.
The other steps in the ovarian stimulation process include:
- Monitoring: Your ovaries’ response to the medications is monitored by ultrasounds and blood hormone levels. Monitoring can occur daily or every few days over two weeks. Most stimulations last between eight and 14 days. At monitoring appointments, healthcare providers use ultrasound to examine your uterus and ovaries. The eggs themselves are too small to be visible with ultrasound. Nevertheless, your healthcare providers will measure the size and number of growing ovarian follicles. Follicles are little sacks within your ovaries that should each contain a single egg. The size of each follicle indicates the maturity of the egg it contains. Most follicles more significant than 14 millimeters (mm) contain a mature egg. The eggs within follicles less than 14 mm are likely immature and will not fertilize.
- Trigger shot: When your eggs are ready for final maturation (determined by your ultrasound and hormone levels), a “trigger shot” is given to finalize the maturation of your eggs in preparation for egg retrieval. You will be instructed to administer the trigger shot 36 hours before your scheduled egg retrieval time.
- Your healthcare provider uses an ultrasound to guide a thin needle into your ovaries through your vagina. The needle is connected to a suction device to pull your eggs out of each follicle.
- Your eggs are placed in a dish containing a unique solution. The dish is then put in an incubator (controlled environment).
- Medication and mild sedation are used to reduce discomfort during this procedure.
- Egg retrieval is done 36 hours after your last hormone injection, the “trigger shot.”
The afternoon after your egg retrieval procedure, the embryologist will try to fertilize all mature eggs using intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI. This means that sperm will be injected into each mature egg. Immature eggs cannot have ICSI performed on them. The immature eggs will be placed in a dish with sperm and nutrients. Immature eggs rarely finish their maturation process in the dish. If an immature egg does mature, the sperm in the dish can then attempt to fertilize the egg.
On average, 70% of mature eggs will fertilize. For example, if ten mature eggs are retrieved, about seven will fertilize. If successful, the fertilized egg will become an embryo.
If there are an exceedingly large number of eggs or you do not want all eggs fertilized, some eggs may be frozen before fertilization for future use.
Over the next five to six days, the development of your embryos will be carefully monitored.
Your embryo must overcome significant hurdles to become an embryo suitable for transfer to your uterus. On average, 50% of fertilized embryos progress to the blastocyst stage. This is the stage most suitable for transfer to your uterus. For example, if seven eggs were fertilized, three or four of them might develop to the blastocyst stage. The remaining 50% typically fail to progress and are discarded.
All embryos suitable for transfer will be frozen on day five or six of fertilization to be used for future embryo transfers.
There are two kinds of embryo transfers: fresh embryo transfer and frozen embryo transfer. Your healthcare provider can discuss using fresh or frozen embryos with you and decide what is best based on your unique situation. Both frozen and fresh embryo transfers follow the same transfer process. The name implies the main difference.
A fresh embryo transfer means your embryo is inserted into your uterus between three and seven days after the egg retrieval procedure. This embryo has not been frozen and is “fresh.”
A frozen embryo transfer means frozen embryos (from a previous IVF cycle or donor eggs) are thawed and inserted into your uterus. This is a common practice for logistical reasons and because this method is more likely to result in a live birth. Frozen embryo transfers can occur years after egg retrieval and fertilization.
As part of the first step in a frozen embryo transfer, you will take oral, injectable, vaginal, or transdermal hormones to prepare your uterus for accepting an embryo. Usually, this is 14 to 21 days of oral medication followed by six days of injections. Typically, you will have two or three appointments to monitor your uterus’s readiness with ultrasound and to measure your hormone levels with a blood test. When your uterus is ready, you will be scheduled for embryo transfer.
The process is similar if you are using fresh embryos, except embryo transfer happens within three to five days of being retrieved.
The embryo transfer is a simple procedure that does not require anesthesia. It feels similar to a pelvic exam or Pap smear. A speculum is placed within the vagina, and a thin catheter is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. A syringe attached to the other end of the catheter contains one or more embryos. The embryos are injected it the uterus through the catheter. The procedure typically takes less than 10 minutes.
Pregnancy occurs when the embryo implants itself into the lining of your uterus. Your healthcare provider will use a blood test to determine if you are pregnant approximately nine to 14 days after embryo transfer.
If donor eggs are being used, the same steps are taken. The egg donor will complete ovarian stimulation and egg retrieval. After fertilization, the embryo is transferred to the person who intends to carry the pregnancy (either with or without various fertility medications).
There are many factors to take into consideration before starting IVF treatment. To get the best understanding of the IVF process and what to expect, it is essential to consult with your healthcare provider.